Sanskrit Name :- Anaryatikta, Ardhatikta, Bhunimba, Chiratika, Chiratikta, Haima, Jvarantaka, Jwaranthakah, Kairaka, Kanditiktaka,Kiranta, Kirata,Kirata-tikta, Kirataka, Kiratatikta, Kiratatiktah, Kiratatiktaka, Naditikta, Naipala, Nepalanimba,Nepalanimbah, Nidrari, Ramasenaka,Sannipatha, Sutiktaka, Tikta, Trinanimba, ViktakaKiratikt, Charayatah, Cirayata, Kiryat-charayatah, Nepalinim, Chirayata, Charaita, Chirata, Chiraitu
English Name :- Chirata
Urdu Name :- Chiraita, Chiraita shirin, Chirata talkh, Chiraita talkh
Telgu Name :-Nelavemu, Nila-vemu, Nilavembu, Nilaveru
Tamil Name :- Cirattakucci, Nilavembu, Shirattakuchi, Anariyatittam, Cirat kucci, Kantakam, Kantam, Kirakati, Kiratam, Kiriyattu, Kokanam
Marathi Name :- Charayatah, Chirayita
Persian Name :- Qasabuzzarirah, Chiraita shireen
Arabic Name :- Qasabuzzarirah, Qasab-uz-zarirah, Chiraeta talkh
Kannada Name :- Nelabevu
Malyalam Name :- Kiriyatta, Kiriyattu, Nilaveppa, Uttarakiriyattu
Tibetan Name :- Tig ta, Ta go ta, Ti-kta, Tig ta (p)
PLANT DESCRIPTION (Botanical Identification)? :- Erect, branched, robust, annual herb, 50-135 cm tall, stem terete below, 4 angled upwards.Flowers small, numerous, greenish-yellow, tinged with purple, in profuse panicles.
Root : Root is generally small, oblique, 5 – 10 cm long, light brown, somewhat twisted and gradually tapering, bearing a few rootlets or their remnants. Transverse section of root shows 2 – 4 layers of cork. Secondary cortex is represented by 4 – 12 layers of thick walled, parenchymatous cells, some showing radical wall formation and some tangentially elongated with sinuous walls. Secondary phloem is composed of thin walled strands of sieve tubes, copanion cells and phloem parenchyma.
Stem : Stem upto 1 m long and 6 mm in diameter, glabrous, yellowish brown to purplish slightly quadrangular above and cylindrical below having large continuous easily separable yellow pith. Transverse section of stem shows single layered epidermis, externally covered with a thick striated cuticle present in young stem and in old stem epidermis remains intact but cells flattened and tangentially elongated four ribs also consists of epidermis and parenchymatous cortical cells.
Leaf : Opposite, cauline, broad at base, ovate or lanceolate, entire, acuminate, glabrous, usually with 5 – 7 prominent lateral veins , branching from the axils of the leaves which ramify further into paniculate inflorescence.
PART? USED :- PANCHAANG
DOSAGE? :- Kwath 50 – 100 ml, Churna 1 – 3 gm
Foreign matter 2 %, Total ash 6 %, Acid insoluble ash 1 %, Alcohol soluble extractive 10 %, Water soluble extractive 10 %
Antispasmodic? |? Anti-inflammatory |? Antimalarial |? Hypoglycaemic |? Hepatoprotective |? Antiulcerogenic |? Antiocholihergic |? Laxative |? Anticonvulsant |? Antidiabetic |? Anticarcinogenic |? Anthlemintic
Arkadi kvath churna |? Chinnodbhavadi kvath churna? |?? Darvyadi kvath churna? |? Palashbijadi churna |? Sarvajvarahar lauha |? Sudarshan churna
- Chirata herb is used for fever, constipation, upset stomach, loss of appetite, intestinal worms, skin diseases, and cancer.
- Some people use Chirata herb as ?a bitter tonic.?
- “Chemical constituent”
- Jump up? “plant decsription”
- Jump up? “Cultivation details”