Bhargav Ayurveda

Jalkumbhi|????????|PISTIA STRATIOTES

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Sanskrit Name :- Jalkumbhi, Variparni, Kumbhik

Hindi Name :- Jalkumbhi

English Name :- Tropical duckweed

Marathi Name :- Prashni

Tamil Name :- Aagmaatbharai

Telgu Name :- Aanteri-taamaar

Bengali Name :- Tokapana



PLANT DESCRIPTION (Botanical Identification):- It is a perennial monocotyledon with thick, soft leaves that form a rosette. It floats on the surface of the water, its roots hanging submersed beneath floating leaves. The leaves can be up to 14 cm long and have no stem. They are light green, with parallel veins, wavy margins and are covered in short hairs which form basket-like structures which trap air bubbles, increasing the plant’s buoyancy. The flowers are dioecious, and are hidden in the middle of the plant amongst the leaves. Small green berries form after successful fertilization. The plant can also undergo asexual reproduction. Mother and daughter plants are connected by a short stolon, forming dense mats.


DOSAGE ?????????????????:-? Swaras 10 – 20 ml

Total ash 8.15 %, Acid insoluble ash 0.94 %, Water soluble extractive 13.67 %,

Ethanol soluble extractive 6.21 %


Tridooshaj vikaar????? |?????? Strength and vigour??? |????? Anti-pyretic??? |

Cough????? |?????? General weakness



  • Jalkhumbi herb is useful in ?Tridosha,? fever, and diseases of blood.
  • Jalkhumbi root is laxative, emollient, and diuretic.
  • Jalkhumbi Leaves infusions have been mentioned in the folklore to be used for dropsy, bladder complaints, kidney afflictions, hematuria, dysentery, and anemia


GUNA (Quality)??????

Laghu, Ruksha

RASA (Taste)?????????

Tikt, Madhur

VIPAK (Metabolism)?????????


VIRYA (Potency)???



  1. “Pistia stratiotes”. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ “Genus: Pistia L”. Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2006-02-23. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. Volume III: M-Q. CRC Press. p. 2084. ISBN 978-0-8493-2677-6.
  5. ^ water lettuce: Invasive species- Retrieved 2017-11-25
  6. ^ Kasulo, V. 2000. The impact of invasive species in African lakes. In: The economics of biological invasions (eds. C. Perrings, M. Williamson and S. Dalmozzone). Pp. 183-207. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
  7. ^ Evans JM. Pistia stratiotes L. in the Florida Peninsula: Biogeographic Evidence and Conservation Implications of Native Tenure for an ‘Invasive’ Aquatic Plant. Conservat Soc 2013;11:233-46;;year=2013;volume=11;issue=3;spage=233;epage=246;aulast=Evans
  8. ^ Berry, E.W. 1917 (1917). “The fossil plants from Vero, Florida. The Journal of Geology, vol. 25, no. 7, p. 661-666”. The Journal of Geology. 25 (7): 661?666. JSTOR 30062509.
  9. ^ Ramey, Victor (2001). “Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)”. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, University of Florida. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  10. ^ Park, K (2007). Parks Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine (19th ed.). Jabalpur India.
  11. ^ Wheeler, G.S; Halpern, M.D (1999). “Compensatory responses of Samea multiplicalislarvae when fed leaves of different fertilization levels of the aquatic weed Pistia stratiotes”. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 92 (2): 205?216. doi:10.1046/j.1570-7458.1999.00539.x.
  12. ^ Salo, Matti; Sir?n, Anders; Kalliola, Risto (20 November 2013). Diagnosing Wild Species Harvest: Resource Use and Conservation. Academic Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-12-397755-7. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  13. ^ ?Pistia stratiotes? USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL, and NOAA Great Lakes Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Information System, Ann Arbor, MI. <>Revision Date: 6/24/2016.
  14. ^ Angiosperm Fruits and Seeds from the Middle Miocene of Jutland (Denmark) by Else Marie Friis, The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters 24:3, 1985
  15. Chadha Y.R, editor. A dictionary of Indian raw material and industrial products. New Delhi: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research; 1998. The Wealth of India Raw materials; pp. 123?4.
  16. Kirtikar KK, Basu BD. The Indian medicinal Plants. Dehradun: Oriental Enterprises; 2001. pp. 3576?9.
  17. Khare CP. Encyclopedia of Indian medicinal plants. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 2005. p. 372.
  18. Prem kumar VG, Shyamsundar D. Antidermatophytic activity of pistia stratiotes. Indian J Pharmacol. 2005;37:127?8.
  19. Volk GM. Calcium channels involved in Ca-oxalate crystals formation in stratiotesL. Ann Bot. 2004;93:741?53. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  20. 6. Achola KJ, Indalo AA. Pharmacologic activities of Pistia stratiotes. Pharmaceutical Biology. 1997;35(5):329?333.



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