Bhargav Ayurveda


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Sanskrit Name :- Kusumbha, Vahnishikha, Vastraranjaka, Vyaghridala, Kantaphala

Hindi Name :- Kusumba, Kusum, Barre, KarrahEnglish Name :- Safflower, African saffron, American saffron, Bastard saffron, Dyer’s saffron. false saffron, Wild saffron

Gujrati Name :- Kasumbo, Karada

Kannada Name :- Kusumbe, Kusubbi

Malyalam Name :- Kuyimpu, Centurakam, Chendurakam

Marathi Name :- Kardai, Kardi, Kurdi

Punjabi Name :- Kar, Karar, Kurtam

Tamil Name :– Chendurukam. kusumba, Sendurgam, Senturakam

Urdu Name :- Karha, Kusum

bengali Name :- Kajirah, Kesum phul



PLANT DESCRIPTION (Botanical Identification) :- An erect annual spiny herb 30-120 cm tall. Leaves alternate, simple, simple, rigid. Spinosely serrate,sessile or shortly petiolate, 3-15 * 1-5 cm, oblong-lanceolate or oblanceolate, entire or dentate-lobed

Flower consists of involucral bracts and florets. Involucral bracts are in whorls, green, outer bracts ovate, oblong, leafy and inner bracts hard, spiny and conical. Florets bisexual, stalked, yellowish to orange-red, delicate, small, consisting of long stalk, corolla, androecium and gynoecium. Petals 5, linear, very thin, yellow to orange-red, united at base and free throughout the length and with acute apex.Stamens 5, united throughout the length and free at tip forming a staminal tube, each stamen consisting of a short, slender filament and 2 another lobes with sagittate base and acute apex.

PART? USED?????????? :-?????? LEAF, FLOWER, SEED, SEED OIL

DOSAGE????????????????? :-????? Seed powder 1-3 gm, Dried flower powder 3-6 gm, Oil 2.5-5 ml

Total ash 12.956 %, Acid insoluble ash 1.024 %, Water soluble extractive 29.425 %, Ethanol soluble extractive 31.407 %,? Pet. Ehter soluble extractive 8.051 %, Acetone soluble extractive 7.345 %, Chloroform soluble extractive 7.345 %, Chloroform soluble extractive 4.597 %


Antiviral |? Antitumour? | Spasmolytic |? Anticholesteremic? |? Antibacterial? | Nematicidal |? Diuretic | Diaphoretic |? Carthartic? | Antioxidant? |? ? ? ? ? Antiinflmmatory |? Analgesic |? Anticonvulsant? | Antithrombosis? |? ? ? ? Antimycotic | Hypotensive


GUNA (Quality)??????

Guru, Snigdh

RASA (Taste)?????????

Kashay, Madhur

VIPAK (Metabolism)?????????


VIRYA (Potency)???



  1. “Tropicos”. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO. 2016. Retrieved 16 June2016.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b “Corrales Azafr?n – Native-Seeds-Search”.

3.^ Jump up to:a b c Daniel Zohary, Maria Hopf, Ehud Weiss (2012). Domestication of Plants in the Old World: The Origin and Spread of Domesticated Plants in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Mediterranean Basin, 4th edition, page 168. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199549061.

4.^ John Chadwick, The Mycenaean World (Cambridge: University Press, 1976), p. 120

5.^ “World production of safflower seeds in 2016; Browse World Regions/Crops/Production from pick lists”. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Statistics Division (FAOSTAT). 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2018.

6.^ E.g. “safflower” in Webster’s Dictionary, year 1828. E.g. “bastard saffron” in The Herball, or General Historie of Plantes, by John Gerarde, year 1597, pages 1006-1007.

7.^ Dweck, Anthony C. (ed.) (June 2009), Nature provides huge range of colour possibilities (PDF), Personal Care Magazine, pp. 61?73, retrieved 30 Oct 2012

8.^ “Carthamus red; In: Compendium of Food Additive Specifications. Addendum 5. (FAO Food and Nutrition Paper – 52 Add. 5)”. FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. 1997. Retrieved September 20, 2016.

9.^ Ramsden, C. E.; Zamora, D.; Leelarthaepin, B.; Majchrzak-Hong, S. F.; Faurot, K. R.; Suchindran, C. M.; Ringel, A.; Davis, J. M.; Hibbeln, J. R. (2013). “Use of dietary linoleic acid for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and death: Evaluation of recovered data from the Sydney Diet Heart Study and updated meta-analysis”. BMJ. 346: e8707. doi:10.1136/bmj.e8707. PMC 4688426. PMID 23386268.




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