Sanskrit Name :- Banah, Banapunkha, Banapunkhah, Ishupunkhika, Kalashaka, Kalika,Kandapunkha, Kriti, Neelabralakrati,Nilavriksha, Nilavrksakrti,Plihari, Plihasatru, Plihashatru, Puleehashtree,Sarapunkha, Sarapunkhah,Sayakapunkha, Sharapuchchha, Sharapunkha
Hindi Name :- Sarphankha, Sarphenka, Sarphoka, Sarphomka, Sarphonka, Sarpanka,Ban-nil, Sar punkha, Pal, Bisoni, Biyani, Saphanko,Sarphanko, Dhamasia, Sarpankha, Boyonia
English Name :- Wild indigo
Tamil Name :- Kattukkolincai, Kolluk-kay-velai, Muka velai, Kayvelai, Kolunci
Telgu Name :- Bontavempali, Pamparachettu, Vempali, Karusembai, Tella vempali,Bonta vempali, Tellavempali, Vaympalie, Bonta vemapli,Thellavempali
Urdu Name :- Sarphoka, Sarabhuka, Sarphooka, Sarphuka
Bengali Name :- Ban-nil-gachh, Pilhari, Ban neel
Kannada Name :- Empali, Kaggi, Kogge, Koggili, Phanike, Vajaranili, Honnaavarike
Malyalam Name :- Colinil, Kattamari, Kazhinnila, Kazlunnilla, Kolinnil, Koluva,Kotikkolinnil, Kozhinnila, Korinil, Kozhinnil
Marathi Name :- Sharapunkha, Sirapakha, Udhadi, Unhal, Unhaali, Sarpunk, Unhali
PLANT DESCRIPTION (Botanical Identification) :- Perennial herb or undershrub 0.5-1.0 m high. Leaves imparipinnately compound, leaflets 13-19, oblanceolate, obtuse, retuse or mucronate,base cuneate, strongly nerved.Flowers bisexual, bright rosy-purple or violet, in leaf opposed racemes.
Root : Tap roots about 8-15 cm long, 0.5-1.0 cm thick, cylindrical, outer surface pale yellowish-white with faint longitudinal striations and many transverse lenticels; fracture short and splintery; fresh root having characteristic odour and bitter, slightly tingling taste. The transverse section of mature root shows extrenal 6-10 layers of usual cork cells followed by 2-4 layers of phelloderm.
Stem : Woody, 0.5-1.5 cm thick, cylindrical, slightly angular near the apex; outer surface green and glabrous. Transverse section shows 8-13 layers of cork followed by 3-5 rows of phelloderm consisting of parenchymatous cells containing abundant starch grains.
Leaf : Green, petiolate, imparipinnately compoud having 13-19 leaflets, which are entire,oblanceolate, obtuse or retuse, mucronate 2-2.8 * 0.5-1.2 cm; glabrous on upper surface,
PART? USED????????? :- ROOT, PANCHAANG KSHAR
DOSAGE?????? :- Churna 3 – 6 gm, Swaras 10 – 20 ml, Kshar 1 – 3 gm
Total ash 13.56 %, Acid insoluble ash 6.309 %
Antiinflammatory |? Analgesic? |? Antipyretic? |? Antibacterial? |? Antifungal? | Anticancer? |? Hypoglycaemic? |? Antidiabetic? |? Immunomodulatory? |? Antioxidant? |? Chemopreventive
Yakrit Plihantak Churna
- Tephrosia purpurea is also used traditionally as folk medicine.
- Sharpunkha has the great medicinal important in Ayurveda. It is a well-known ayurvedic herb, used in the treatment of liver cirrhosis and splenomegaly.
Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshan
2.^ Jump up to:a b c Heuz? V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2018. Ahuhu (Tephrosia purpurea). Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/654 Last updated on January 25, 2018, 14:36
3.The Bhavprakash nighantu with elaborated Hindi commentary by Padmashri prof. K.C. Chunekar, edited by Dr. G.S. Pandey: verse 210, edition of 1998: page no- 407-408.
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